Dniester River Basin
The Dniester is a river in Eastern Europe that runs along the state border between the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. The total length of the Dniester is 1,362 km and its basin area is 72.1 thousand sq.km.
There are 62 towns and 95 townships in the Ukrainian part of the Dniester Basin, and 2 municipalities (Municipias) and 41 towns within the Moldovan part of the Basin, both on the left and right banks of the river.
The total population of the Dniester Basin within Ukraine and Moldova is over 7 million people. Over 5 million people live in Ukraine and 2.74 million people in Moldova.
The disastrous floods in 2008 and 2010 in the Dniester Basin reminded once again that the existing flood protection facilities only partially fulfil their functions today. The effectiveness of the modern protection facilities will decline as the floods are expected to become more powerful in the future.
Future climate change will affect both the natural resources and ecosystems of the region and the Dniester Basin as well as their population and economy.
The analysis of a set of regional climate models based on a “moderate” scenario has showed that, compared to 1981-2010, the mean annual maximum and minimum air temperatures are expected to increase by 1.0-1.2°С by mid-century.
The Dniester River is the main source of water supply in Moldova, although groundwater remains a rather important resource for drinking water supply for cities and villages. In Ukraine, the Dniester is the only source of water supply for Odessa and nearby districts of the region.